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Direct observation of the THz Kerr effect (TKE) in deionized, distilled and buffered (PBS) water

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Abstract

Nonlinear THz pump–optical probe (THz–OKE) measurements in deionized, distilled and buffered (PBS) water are reported. A laser system that produces pulses at 800 nm, 30 fs FWHM, at a repetition rate of 1 kHz and an energy of 6 μJ per pulse, was a source of the probe optical beam and of the pump beam of THz 2 ps pulses. The electric field strength inducing birefringence in water samples was ETHz = 1.35 × 106 V m−1. These samples were chosen in order to study the effect of ionic concentration on water behavior in the ultrafast time scale. Differentiation between ultrafast effects resulting from internal H2O properties and those resulting from H2O–ion interactions was analyzed. These two effects may be connected to a difference in the fluctuations of the network of intermolecular hydrogen bonds of water molecules in the presence and absence of ions in solution. The results indicate that such fluctuations significantly alter water birefringence amplitude and its dynamics.

Graphical abstract: Direct observation of the THz Kerr effect (TKE) in deionized, distilled and buffered (PBS) water

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jun 2017, accepted on 07 Sep 2017 and first published on 08 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04061J
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article
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    Direct observation of the THz Kerr effect (TKE) in deionized, distilled and buffered (PBS) water

    S. Sarbak, G. Sharma, C. S. Joseph, W. E. Kucia, K. Dobek, R. H. Giles and A. Dobek, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04061J

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