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Issue 31, 2017
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Monolayer germanium monochalcogenides (GeS/GeSe) as cathode catalysts in nonaqueous Li–O2 batteries

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Abstract

The development of novel cathode catalysts is of great importance to the practical applications of nonaqueous lithium oxygen (Li–O2) batteries. Here by using first-principles calculations, we revealed the catalytic mechanism and evaluated the catalytic activity of monolayer germanium monochalcogenides (2D-GeXs, X = S/Se) as cathode catalytic materials. For 2D-GeXs, Li4O4 with a ring-like structure is the final discharge product. The free energy diagram demonstrates that 2D-GeSe is more energetically favorable than 2D-GeS due to its considerably lower oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) overpotential (0.94 V) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) overpotential (1.30 V), which originate from its weaker binding with LiO2 and stronger binding with the inserted Li atom. The analyses on electronic properties elucidate that the final product of Li4O4 on 2D-GeSe induces the semiconductor to semi-metal transition. Our results reflect that 2D-GeSe is an excellent candidate as a cathode material in nonaqueous Li–O2 batteries, while 2D-GeS is not appropriate.

Graphical abstract: Monolayer germanium monochalcogenides (GeS/GeSe) as cathode catalysts in nonaqueous Li–O2 batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Jun 2017, accepted on 11 Jul 2017 and first published on 11 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04044J
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 20457-20462
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    Monolayer germanium monochalcogenides (GeS/GeSe) as cathode catalysts in nonaqueous Li–O2 batteries

    Y. Ji, H. Dong, M. Yang, T. Hou and Y. Li, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 20457
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04044J

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