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Issue 29, 2017
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Nuclear inelastic scattering and density functional theory studies of a one-dimensional spin crossover [Fe(1,2,4-triazole)2(1,2,4-triazolato)](BF4) molecular chain

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Abstract

Nuclear inelastic scattering (NIS) experiments have been performed in order to study the vibrational dynamics of the low- and high-spin states of the polynuclear 1D spin crossover compound [Fe(1,2,4-triazole)2(1,2,4-triazolato)](BF4) (1). Density functional theory (DFT) calculations using the functional B3LYP* and the basis set CEP-31G for heptameric and nonameric models of the compound yielded the normal vibrations and electronic energies for high-spin and low-spin isomers of three models differing in the distribution of anionic trz ligands and BF4 anions. On the basis of the obtained energies a structural model with a centrosymmetric Fe(trzH)4(trz)2 coordination core of the mononuclear unit of the chain is proposed. The obtained distribution of the BF4 counteranions in the proposed structure is similar to that obtained on the basis of X-ray powder diffraction studies by Grossjean et al. (Eur. J. Inorg. Chem., 2013, 796). The NIS data of the system diluted to 10% Fe(II) content in a 90% Zn(II) matrix (compound (2)) show a characteristic change of the spectral pattern of the low-spin centres, compared to the low-spin phase of the parent Fe(II) complex (1). DFT calculations reveal that this is caused by a change of the structure of the neighbours of the low-spin centres. The spectral pattern of the high-spin centres in (2) is within a good approximation identical to that of the high-spin Fe(II) isomer of (1). The inspection of the molecular orbitals of the monomeric model systems of [Fe(trzH)4(trz)2] and [Fe(trzH)6], together with calculations of spin transition energies, point towards the importance of an electrostatic effect caused by the negatively charged ligands. This results in the stabilisation of the low-spin state of the complex containing the anionic ligand and shortening of the Fe–N(trz) compared to the Fe–N(trzH) bond in high-spin, but not in low-spin [Fe(trzH)4(trz)2].

Graphical abstract: Nuclear inelastic scattering and density functional theory studies of a one-dimensional spin crossover [Fe(1,2,4-triazole)2(1,2,4-triazolato)](BF4) molecular chain

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Jun 2017, accepted on 30 Jun 2017 and first published on 30 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP03690F
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 18880-18889
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    Nuclear inelastic scattering and density functional theory studies of a one-dimensional spin crossover [Fe(1,2,4-triazole)2(1,2,4-triazolato)](BF4) molecular chain

    K. Jenni, L. Scherthan, I. Faus, J. Marx, C. Strohm, M. Herlitschke, H. Wille, P. Würtz, V. Schünemann and J. A. Wolny, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 18880
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP03690F

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