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Issue 36, 2017
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Orientational ordering of water in extended hydration shells of cations is ion-specific and is correlated directly with viscosity and hydration free energy

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Abstract

Specific ion effects in aqueous solutions are investigated at the molecular, nanoscopic and macroscopic levels. Femtosecond elastic second harmonic scattering (fs-ESHS) is used here to assess the chemical effects of ions on molecular and nanoscopic length scales of water, probing changes in the charge distribution around ions as well as structural orientational order of water molecules in extended hydration shells. We measured >0.05 M electrolyte solutions with a series of chloride salts (LiCl, NaCl, KCl, CsCl, RbCl, NH4Cl, MgCl2, CaCl2, and SrCl2). Ion specificity is observed in both the local electronic anisotropy and the nanoscopic orientational ordering of water. Both observables are influenced more by cations with larger valencies and smaller sizes and follow a direct Hofmeister trend. These ion-induced structural changes in the hydrogen-bond network of water are strongly correlated with the viscosity B-coefficient and the Gibbs free energy of hydration of ions. Such a connection between the nanoscopic and macroscopic changes provides a possibility to construct a molecular model for specific ion effects in aqueous solutions.

Graphical abstract: Orientational ordering of water in extended hydration shells of cations is ion-specific and is correlated directly with viscosity and hydration free energy

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 May 2017, accepted on 07 Aug 2017 and first published on 07 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP03395H
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 24678-24688
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    Orientational ordering of water in extended hydration shells of cations is ion-specific and is correlated directly with viscosity and hydration free energy

    Y. Chen, H. I. Okur, C. Liang and S. Roke, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 24678
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP03395H

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