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Issue 34, 2017
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A soluble star-shaped silsesquioxane-cored polymer—towards novel stabilization of pH-dependent high internal phase emulsions

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Abstract

A well-defined pH-responsive star-shaped polymer containing poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDMA) arms and a cage-like methacryloxypropyl silsesquioxane (CMSQ-T10) core was used as an interfacial stabilizer for emulsions consisting of m-xylene and water. We explored the properties of the CMSQ/PDMA star-shaped polymer using the characteristic results of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography (SEC), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and zeta potential and conductivity measurements. The interfacial tension results showed that the CMSQ/PDMA star-shaped polymer reduced the interfacial tension between water and oil in a pH-dependent manner. Gelled high internal phase emulsions (HIPEs) including o/w and w/o types were formed in the pH ranges of 1.2–5.8 and 9.1–12.3 with the CMSQ/PDMA star-shaped polymer as a stabilizer, when the oil fractions were 80–90 vol% and 10–20 vol%, respectively. The soluble star-shaped polymer aggregated spontaneously to form a microgel that adsorbed to the two immiscible phases. Images of the fluorescently labeled polymers demonstrated that there was a star-shaped polymer in the continuous phase, and the non-Pickering stabilization based on the percolating network of the star-shaped polymer also contributed to the stabilization of the HIPE. This pH-dependent HIPE was prepared with a novel stabilization mechanism consisting of microgel adsorption and non-Pickering stabilization. Moreover, the preparation of HIPEs provided the possibility of their application in porous materials and responsive materials.

Graphical abstract: A soluble star-shaped silsesquioxane-cored polymer—towards novel stabilization of pH-dependent high internal phase emulsions

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 May 2017, accepted on 09 Aug 2017 and first published on 09 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP03325G
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 23024-23033
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    A soluble star-shaped silsesquioxane-cored polymer—towards novel stabilization of pH-dependent high internal phase emulsions

    Y. Xing, J. Peng, K. Xu, S. Gao, X. Gui, S. Liang, L. Sun and M. Chen, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 23024
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP03325G

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