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Issue 32, 2017
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Importance of non-intrinsic platinum dissolution in Pt/C composite fuel cell catalysts

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Abstract

The dissolution of different platinum-based nanoparticles deposited on a commercial high-surface area carbon (HSAC) support in thin catalyst films is investigated using a highly sensitive electrochemical flow cell (EFC) coupled to an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). The previously reported particle-size-dependent dissolution of Pt is confirmed on selected industrial samples with a mean Pt particle size ranging from 1 to 4.8 nm. This trend is significantly altered when a catalyst is diluted by the addition of HSAC. This indicates that the intrinsic dissolution properties are masked by local oversaturation phenomena, the so-called confinement effect. Furthermore, by replacing the standard HSAC support with a support having an order of magnitude higher specific surface area (a micro- and mesoporous nitrogen-doped high surface area carbon, HSANDC), Pt dissolution is reduced even further. This is due to the so-called non-intrinsic confinement and entrapment effects of the (large amount of) micropores and small mesopores doped with N atoms. The observed more effective Pt re-deposition is presumably induced by local Pt oversaturation and the presence of nitrogen nucleation sites. Overall, our study demonstrates the high importance and beneficial effects of porosity, loading and N doping of the carbon support on the Pt stability in the catalyst layer.

Graphical abstract: Importance of non-intrinsic platinum dissolution in Pt/C composite fuel cell catalysts

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 May 2017, accepted on 19 Jul 2017 and first published on 19 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP03192K
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 21446-21452
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    Importance of non-intrinsic platinum dissolution in Pt/C composite fuel cell catalysts

    P. Jovanovič, U. Petek, N. Hodnik, F. Ruiz-Zepeda, M. Gatalo, M. Šala, V. S. Šelih, T. P. Fellinger and M. Gaberšček, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 21446
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP03192K

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