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Issue 31, 2017
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On the capacitance of narrow nanotubes

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The storage of ions in narrow nanotubes is investigated by grand-canonical Monte Carlo simulations. The interaction between the ions is screened by the image charge on the wall of the tube, but at close distances it is still much larger than the thermal energy. Depending on the electrochemical potential imposed by the contact with an electrolyte solution, two different regimes can be distinguished at the potential of zero charge: for low values corresponding to an ionophobic pore the tube is almost empty; for high values – ionophilic pore – a one dimensional salt is formed. The two regions are separated by a narrow transition zone marked by strong fluctuations. Depending on the regime and on the value assumed for the dielectric constant, the interfacial capacity shows four, two, or in rare cases three maxima. The results are compared to a reference system of non-interacting ions, and discussed with respect to recent calculations within classical density functional theory.

Graphical abstract: On the capacitance of narrow nanotubes

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The article was received on 10 May 2017, accepted on 05 Jul 2017 and first published on 06 Jul 2017

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP03090H
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 20393-20400
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    On the capacitance of narrow nanotubes

    W. Schmickler and D. Henderson, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 20393
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP03090H

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