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Issue 28, 2017
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Molecular studies of Cs adsorption sites in inorganic layered materials: the influence of solution concentration

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Abstract

Radioactive Cs released into a soil environment migrates along with groundwater in a manner dependent on Cs concentration. Data on the variation of Cs adsorption as a function of solution concentration are an essential prerequisite to successful decontamination work in Fukushima. To aid the ongoing decontamination work, the adsorption of Cs in aqueous solution across a wide Cs+ molarity range is studied for the case of saponite clay as adsorbent, an inorganic layered material that is an abundant mineral in the soil environment. The local molecular structures, i.e. nanosheet surfaces, nanosheet edges, and oncoming hexagonal cavities, participating in Cs adsorption are qualitatively highlighted by means of a recently developed analytical method using data from a conventional elution test, 133Cs magic-angle-spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR), and the radiocesium interception potential (RIP) [K. Sato, et al., J. Phys. Chem. C, 2016, 120, 1270]. The concentrations of nanosheet edges amount to between 100 and 400 mmol kg−1, which are not substantially different from those of the nanosheet surfaces, generally regarded as the main decontamination sites. This unambiguously implies that the nanosheet edges should be targeted as the molecular sites for decontaminating radioactive Cs, in addition to the nanosheet surfaces.

Graphical abstract: Molecular studies of Cs adsorption sites in inorganic layered materials: the influence of solution concentration

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Apr 2017, accepted on 28 Jun 2017 and first published on 29 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP02814H
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 18481-18486
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    Molecular studies of Cs adsorption sites in inorganic layered materials: the influence of solution concentration

    K. Sato and M. Hunger, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 18481
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP02814H

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