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Issue 36, 2017
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Analysis of the vibronic structure of the trans-stilbene fluorescence and excitation spectra: the S0 and S1 PES along the Ce[double bond, length as m-dash]Ce and Ce–Cph torsions

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Abstract

We analyze the highly resolved vibronic structure of the low energy (≤200 cm−1) region of the fluorescence and fluorescence excitation spectra of trans-stilbene in supersonic beams. In this spectral region the vibronic structure is associated mainly with vibrational levels of the Ce–Ce torsion (τ) and the au combination of the two Ce–Cph bond twisting (ϕ). We base this analysis on the well-established S0(τ, ϕ) two-dimensional potential energy surface (PES) and on a newly refined S1(τ, ϕ) PES. We obtain vibrational eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the anharmonic S0(τ, ϕ) and S1(τ, ϕ) PES using a numerical procedure based on the Meyer's flexible model [R. Meyer, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1979, 76, 266]. Then we derive Franck–Condon factors and therefore intensities of the relevant vibronic bands for the S0 → S1 excitation and S1 → S0 fluorescence spectra. Furthermore, we assess the role of the bg combination of the two Ce–Cph bond twisting (ν48) in the structure of the S1 → S0 fluorescence spectra. By the use of these results we are able to assign most of the low energy vibrational levels of the S0 → S1 excitation spectra and of the fluorescence spectra of the emission from several low energy S1 vibronic levels. The good agreement between the observed and the computed vibrational structure of the S0 → S1 and S1 → S0 spectra suggests that the proposed picture of the E1(τ, ϕ) and E0(τ, ϕ) PES, in particular along the coordinate τ governing transcis photo-isomerization in S1, is accurate. In S0, the barriers for the Ce[double bond, length as m-dash]Ce torsion and for the au type Ce–Cph bond twisting are 16 080 cm−1 and 3125 cm−1, respectively, while in S1, where the bond orders of the Ce[double bond, length as m-dash]Ce and Ce–Cph bonds are reversed, the two barriers become 1350 cm−1 and 8780 cm−1, respectively.

Graphical abstract: Analysis of the vibronic structure of the trans-stilbene fluorescence and excitation spectra: the S0 and S1 PES along the Ce [[double bond, length as m-dash]] Ce and Ce–Cph torsions

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Mar 2017, accepted on 08 Aug 2017 and first published on 09 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP01594A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 25095-25104
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    Analysis of the vibronic structure of the trans-stilbene fluorescence and excitation spectra: the S0 and S1 PES along the Ce[double bond, length as m-dash]Ce and Ce–Cph torsions

    G. Orlandi, M. Garavelli and F. Zerbetto, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 25095
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP01594A

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