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Issue 21, 2017
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Stability, electronic structure, and optical properties of protected gold-doped silver Ag29−xAux (x = 0–5) nanoclusters

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Abstract

In this work, we used density functional theory (DFT) and linear response time-dependent DFT (LR-TDDFT) to investigate the stability, electronic structure, and optical properties of Au-doped [Ag29−xAux(BDT)12(TPP)4]3− nanoclusters (BDT: 1,3-benzenedithiol; TPP triphenylphosphine) with x = 0–5. The aim of this work is to shed light on the most favorable doped structures by comparing our results with previously published experimental data. The calculated relative energies, ranging between 0.8 and 10 meV per atom, indicate that several doped Ag29−xAux nanoclusters are likely to co-exist at room temperature. However, only the Au-doped [Ag29−xAux(BDT)12(TPP)4]3− nanoclusters that have direct bonding between Au dopants and phosphines display an enhancement in the electronic transitions at ∼450 nm. This agrees with the main spectral absorption features that have been experimentally reported for the mixture of Au-doped silver Ag29−xAux nanoclusters. In addition, the formation of the Au–TPP bond could prevent cluster degradation starting from the detachment of the phosphine molecules, since the Au–TPP bond is stronger by ∼0.4 eV than the analogous Ag–TPP one. Thus, the results presented here show the important role of Au–TPP bonding in determining the stability and optical properties of thiolate/phosphine-protected Ag29−xAux nanoclusters.

Graphical abstract: Stability, electronic structure, and optical properties of protected gold-doped silver Ag29−xAux (x = 0–5) nanoclusters

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Mar 2017, accepted on 04 May 2017 and first published on 04 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP01440F
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 13868-13874
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    Stability, electronic structure, and optical properties of protected gold-doped silver Ag29−xAux (x = 0–5) nanoclusters

    R. Juarez-Mosqueda, S. Malola and H. Häkkinen, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 13868
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP01440F

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