Effect of K+ cations on phase transitions, structural, dielectric and luminescent properties of [cat][K0.5Cr0.5(HCOO)3], where cat is protonated dimethylamine or ethylamine
We report synthesis, crystal structure, dielectric, vibrational and emission spectra of two novel heterometallic perovskite-type metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) of the following formula: [(CH3)2NH2][K0.5Cr0.5(HCOO)3] (DMAKCr) and [C2H5NH3][K0.5Cr0.5(HCOO)3] (EtAKCr). DMAKCr crystallizes in trigonal structure ( space group) and undergoes an order-disorder phase transition to the monoclinic system ( space group) at about 190 K. The dielectric studies confirm the presence of first-order relaxor-like structural transformation. In the high-temperature phase, the dimethylammonium cations are dynamically disordered over three equal positions and upon cooling the dynamical disorder evolves into two-fold one. This partial ordering is accompanied by a small distortion of the metal-formate framework. EtAKCr crystallizes in monoclinic structure (P21/n space group) with ordered EtA+ cations and doeas not experience any phase transition. The differences in the thermal behavior caused by the substitution of Na+ ions by larger K+ ions in [cat]MIMIII (cat=DMA+, EtA+, MI=Na+, K+ and MIII=Cr3+ and Fe3+) heterometallic MOFs family are discussed taking into account the impact of hydrogen bonds (HBs) pattern and other factors affecting the stability of metal-formate frameworks. The optical studies show that DMANaCr and EtAKCr exhibit Cr3+-based emission characteristic for intermediate ligand field strength.