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Issue 23, 2017
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Determinants of the host–guest interactions between α-, β- and γ-cyclodextrins and group IA, IIA and IIIA metal cations: a DFT/PCM study

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Abstract

The most widely used native cyclodextrins are α-, β- and γ-cyclodextrins containing six, seven or eight α-D-glucopyranoside units in the ring, respectively. Although the ligation properties of these host molecules have been extensively studied, a number of questions regarding their metal binding and selectivity remain unaddressed: to what extent do the size and flexibility of the host α-, β- and γ-cyclodextrins influence their metal affinity/selectivity? Which metal is the most preferred binding partner of α-, β- and γ-cyclodextrins? How do the charge, size and preferred coordination number of the metal cation shape its interactions with the host cyclodextrin? Can the guest metal cation inflict structural alterations in the host molecule and, if so, how do these changes correlate with the metal's properties? In the present study, by employing density functional theory (DFT) calculations combined with polarizable continuum model (PCM) computations, we try to answer these questions by evaluating the thermodynamic parameters of the IA, IIA and IIIA group metal binding to α, β- and γ-cyclodextrins. We assess how the interaction between the two binding partners depends on (1) the size, valence state and preferred coordination number of the guest metal cations, (2) the size and flexibility of the host molecule, and (3) the dielectric properties of the environment. The series of group IA (Na+ and Rb+), IIA (Mg2+ and Sr2+) and IIIA (Al3+ and In3+) metal cations have been chosen for the task as they allow us to study the effect of various metal parameters (variable charge, ionic radius and coordination number) on the strength and form of the interactions with the host cyclodextrins.

Graphical abstract: Determinants of the host–guest interactions between α-, β- and γ-cyclodextrins and group IA, IIA and IIIA metal cations: a DFT/PCM study

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Feb 2017, accepted on 12 May 2017 and first published on 16 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP01253E
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 15129-15136
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    Determinants of the host–guest interactions between α-, β- and γ-cyclodextrins and group IA, IIA and IIIA metal cations: a DFT/PCM study

    S. E. Angelova, V. K. Nikolova and T. M. Dudev, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 15129
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP01253E

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