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Unexpected coordination number and phase diagram of niobium diselenide under compression

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Abstract

We discovered several new energetically competitive structures of NbSe2 using the multi-algorithm collaborative (MAC) crystal structure prediction algorithm combined with the density functional theory. It was found that the coordination number of Nb in NbSe2 is increased from 6 to 7, and then to 8 with increasing pressure. Furthermore, it was unexpected that an Se atom would be squeezed to the center of a cage formed by 12 other Se atoms and then have 12-fold coordination when the pressure was increased to 130.4 GPa. The 12-coordination metalloid atom has never been discovered in other transition metal dichalcogenides. The new C2/m, I4/mmm, and P4/mmm NbSe2 were verified to be stable under both dynamically and mechanically stabile conditions. It is especially noteworthy that the new C2/m-NbSe2 was predicted to be potentially synthesized at high pressure and recovered under ambient conditions. A detailed high-pressure and high-temperature phase diagram was constructed based on the quasi-harmonic approximation up to 200 GPa, and the synthesis conditions of different new NbSe2 materials were also analyzed. All the discoveries in this study will guide the future synthesis of new NbSe2 materials at specific pressure and under temperature conditions and also help to further understand other transition metal dichalcogenides.

Graphical abstract: Unexpected coordination number and phase diagram of niobium diselenide under compression

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Feb 2017, accepted on 03 May 2017 and first published on 03 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP00805H
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article
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    Unexpected coordination number and phase diagram of niobium diselenide under compression

    Z. Liu, H. Jia, R. Li, X. Zhang and L. Cai, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CP00805H

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