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Issue 12, 2017
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Corrugated graphene layers for sea water desalination using capacitive deionization

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Abstract

The effect of the electric field and surface morphology of corrugated graphene (GE) layers on their capacitive deionization process is studied using molecular dynamics simulations. Deionization performances are evaluated in terms of water flow rate and ion adsorption and explained by analysing the water density distribution, radial distribution function and distribution of the ions inside the GE layers. The simulation results reveal that corrugation of GE layers reduces the water flow rate but largely enhances ion adsorption in comparison to the flat GE layers. Such enhancement is mainly due to the adsorption of ions on the GE layers due to the anchoring effect in the regions with wide interlayer distances. Moreover, it reveals that the entrance configuration of the GE layers also has a significant effect on the performance of deionization. Overall, the results from this study will be helpful in designing effective electrode configurations for capacitive deionization.

Graphical abstract: Corrugated graphene layers for sea water desalination using capacitive deionization

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Jan 2017, accepted on 01 Mar 2017 and first published on 14 Mar 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP00389G
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 8552-8562
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    Corrugated graphene layers for sea water desalination using capacitive deionization

    M. Dahanayaka, B. Liu, Z. Hu, Z. Chen, A. W. Law and K. Zhou, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 8552
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP00389G

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