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Issue 21, 2017
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Generation of large spin and valley currents in a quantum pump based on molybdenum disulfide

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Abstract

Generation of large currents, versatile functionality, and simple structures are of fundamental importance in the development of adiabatic quantum pump devices with nanoscale dimensions. In the present study, we propose an adiabatic quantum pump with a simple structure based on molybdenum disulfide, MoS2, to generate large spin and valley resolved currents. We show that pure and fully polarized spin and valley currents can be easily generated by employing two potential gates and using an exchange magnetic field. Unlike graphene and silicene, in order to induce a valley resolved current in MoS2, one does not need to induce strain and apply an electric field. The spin and valley resolved currents are completely coupled together, so that the spin up (down) current is exactly equal to the valley K(K′) current. Hence, we can detect the valley resolved current by utilizing more straightforward and simple methods used for the detection of spin resolved currents. The other prominent feature of this proposed pump is its large current, which is two and three orders of magnitude larger than the maximum current of similar pump structures based on silicene and graphene, respectively. The results of this study are promising for the fabrication of quantum pumps with large spin and valley resolved currents, which opens up the possibility of further development of spintronics and valleytronics in 2D nanostructures.

Graphical abstract: Generation of large spin and valley currents in a quantum pump based on molybdenum disulfide

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Dec 2016, accepted on 05 Apr 2017 and first published on 07 Apr 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6CP08817A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 14170-14177
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    Generation of large spin and valley currents in a quantum pump based on molybdenum disulfide

    H. Khani, M. Esmaeilzadeh and F. Kanjouri, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 14170
    DOI: 10.1039/C6CP08817A

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