Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Electrospun CuAl2O4 hollow nanofibers as visible light photocatalyst with enhanced activity and excellent stability under acid and alkali conditions

Author affiliations

Abstract

Photocatalysts with desirable and stable photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation are of great significance for water purification. In this work, we prepared CuAl2O4 hollow nanofibers (HNFs) with diameters of 100–150 nm by combining electrospinning technique and subsequent annealing. The hollow structure could be obtained at appropriate heating rate (3–5 °C min−1), probably because the existence of an oxygen concentration gradient resulted in the faster decomposition of polymer on the surface than the interior of the nanofibers. The CuAl2O4 HNFs had large specific surface area for photocatalytic reactions and narrow band gap for good visible light absorption. As expected, the CuAl2O4 HNFs exhibited desirable photocatalytic activity for degrading both rhodamine B and methyl orange under visible light irradiation and the calcination temperature strongly affected the photocatalytic performance. Importantly, the photocatalytic activity was very stable at pH 3–11 due to the excellent chemical stability. Moreover, the photocatalytic mechanism was investigated based on trapping experiments and it was found that e, h+ and ˙O2 were the vital species in the reactions. Most of all, the CuAl2O4 HNFs could be easily recycled by sedimentation and separation because of their non-woven web structure and good mechanical stability. Therefore, the as-prepared CuAl2O4 HNFs as a promising photocatalyst may have good prospects for sustainable development and chemical engineering applications.

Graphical abstract: Electrospun CuAl2O4 hollow nanofibers as visible light photocatalyst with enhanced activity and excellent stability under acid and alkali conditions

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 25 Aug 2017, accepted on 23 Nov 2017 and first published on 23 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01545C
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article
  •   Request permissions

    Electrospun CuAl2O4 hollow nanofibers as visible light photocatalyst with enhanced activity and excellent stability under acid and alkali conditions

    J. Zhang, C. Shao, X. Li, J. Xin, S. Yang and Y. Liu, CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01545C

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements