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V2O5 nanobelt arrays with controllable morphologies for enhanced performance supercapacitors

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Abstract

Ordered V2O5 nanobelt arrays (VNBs) vertically grown on Ni foam have been realized by one-step hydrothermal method without any additives. The obtained VNBs are a single crystal with a two-dimensional (2D) layered structure. The morphology evolution and growth mechanism of VNBs are discussed at different hydrothermal times. The morphologies, length–width ratios and sizes of materials can be controlled by simply adjusting vanadium source concentrations, pH values and hydrothermal temperatures. Moreover, these morphology parameters can significantly affect specific capacitance, cycle stability and charge transfer resistance. Due to the ordered arrangement, single-crystal, top–down and layered structure, VNBs have a relatively high ion storage capacity, specific capacitance (498 F g−1), cycling stability (88.8%) after 5000 cycles and low charge transfer resistance (14.2 Ω) as binder-free electrode materials, which reveals a great potential for practical application in energy storage devices.

Graphical abstract: V2O5 nanobelt arrays with controllable morphologies for enhanced performance supercapacitors

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Aug 2017, accepted on 29 Sep 2017 and first published on 29 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01444A
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017, Advance Article
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    V2O5 nanobelt arrays with controllable morphologies for enhanced performance supercapacitors

    J. Xu, F. Zheng, H. Gong, L. Chen, J. Xie, P. Hu, Y. Li, Y. Gong and Q. Zhen, CrystEngComm, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01444A

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