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Facile microwave synthesis of ScPO4·2H2O flowerlike superstructures: morphology control, electronic structure and multicolor tunable luminescent properties

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Abstract

In this paper, a fast and facile microwave method is described to prepare monoclinic ScP04·2H2O flowerlike superstructures constructed by well-aligned nanorods without use of any template or surfactant. By varying the preparation parameters, such as reactant ratio, microwave power and reaction time, various morphologies, such as nanospheres, cubes and particles were obtained. The growth process of the flowerlike microstructure was also investigated. A nanorod growth and self-assembling process was involved in the formation of the flowerlike superstructure. After calcining the ScP04·2H2O microflowers at 800 °C, tetragonal ScP04 with similar morphology was obtained. Tb3+, Eu3+, Dy3+, Tb3+/Eu3+ and Eu3+/Dy3+ doped ScP04·2H2O were also prepared and their photoluminescent properties investigated. By adjusting the relative doping concentration, multicolor tunable emission of green, red and blue could be realized and the decay time results reveal that energy transfer occurs. More significantly, white light could be achieved in a 3% Eu3+ and 2% Dy3+ co-doped ScP04·2H2O. First-principles calculations were carried out to study the structural and electronic properties, which were in accordance with the experimental observations.

Graphical abstract: Facile microwave synthesis of ScPO4·2H2O flowerlike superstructures: morphology control, electronic structure and multicolor tunable luminescent properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Jul 2017, accepted on 13 Sep 2017 and first published on 13 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01390F
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017, Advance Article
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    Facile microwave synthesis of ScPO4·2H2O flowerlike superstructures: morphology control, electronic structure and multicolor tunable luminescent properties

    H. Xu, B. Xu, R. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, C. Ouyang and S. Zhong, CrystEngComm, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01390F

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