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The halogen bonding proclivity of the ortho-methoxy–hydroxy group in cocrystals of o-vanillin imines and diiodotetrafluoro-benzenes

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Abstract

In this work, we describe novel halogen bonded o-vanillin imine cocrystals. As cocrystal coformers, we selected perfluorinated diiodobenzenes, 1,2-, 1,3- and 1,4-diiodotetrafluorobenzene, as halogen bond donors. To explore the halogen bonding proclivity of the o-vanillin ortho-methoxy–hydroxy group, two imines were produced by condensation of o-vanillin with amines containing hydrophobic residues that have no additional potential halogen bond acceptor sites other than the o-vanillin oxygen atoms. We have prepared four cocrystals by both one-pot three-component solvent-free synthesis and the conventional solution-based method. The results of our work show that the ortho-methoxy–hydroxy group of the o-vanillin moiety is a good halogen bond acceptor and is capable of forming predictable halogen-bonded synthons. In the studied cocrystal structures, a wide range of varieties of this synthon were observed, including bonds with a single acceptor (either the methoxy O atom – in two structures, or the hydroxy O atom – in one), ‘slightly bifurcated’ bonds with a dominant (hydroxy) and ancillary (methoxy) acceptor, and a geometrically unusual asymmetrical bifurcated bond.

Graphical abstract: The halogen bonding proclivity of the ortho-methoxy–hydroxy group in cocrystals of o-vanillin imines and diiodotetrafluoro-benzenes

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Jul 2017, accepted on 17 Aug 2017 and first published on 07 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01332A
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017, Advance Article
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    The halogen bonding proclivity of the ortho-methoxy–hydroxy group in cocrystals of o-vanillin imines and diiodotetrafluoro-benzenes

    M. Zbačnik, M. Pajski, V. Stilinović, M. Vitković and D. Cinčić, CrystEngComm, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01332A

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