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Investigation of the Effect of Polar Functional Groups on the Crystal Structures of Indium MOFs


Three new In-MOFs with -NH2 and/or -NO2 functionality are reported using 2-amino- (H2BDC-NH2), 2-nitro- (H2BDC-NO2) and 2-amino-5-nitroterephthalic acid (H2BDC-NH2/NO2). Their structures were determined from single crystal X-ray diffraction data. The structure of the first In-MOF of composition [In(BDC-NH3)(BDC-NH2)]∙1.6DMF∙1.9H2O (In-BDC-NH2; DMF is dimethylformamide; space group P6222, a = b = 14.738(2) Å, c = 12.257(3) Å) is build up by two interpenetrating nets of InO8 polyhedra interconnected by BDC-NH22- ions to form a framework with qtz topology. Charge balance is accomplished by partial protonation of the amino group, which was confirmed by IR spectroscopy. The interpenetration leads to a decrease of the pore dimension (4.4 Å in diameter). Thermogravimetric analysis revealed stability up to 300 °C. Replacement of H2BDC-NH2 by H2BDC-NO2 in the reaction mixture led to the isoreticular MOF containing no -NO2 groups but exclusively un- and amino-functionalized linkers. Hence an indium mediated reduction of the H2BDC-NO2 linker molecule during solvothermal synthesis has occurred. The use of H2BDC-NH2/NO2 under exactly the same reaction conditions did not result in the formation of a MOF, but changing the synthesis parameters, a new -NH2/-NO2 bifunctionalised In-MOF of composition (DMA)2[In3(O)(BDC-NH2/NO2)4.5]∙DMF (DMA is dimethylammonium), denoted In-BDC-NH2/NO2 was obtained. The crystal morphology can be altered from cubic to truncated octahedral crystals by varying the DMF/ethanol volume ratio during synthesis. The compound crystallises in the cubic space group I-43m, a = 24.8947(1) Å, and the framework contains trinuclear {In3(µ3-O)} clusters which are interlinked by the BDC-NH2/NO22- ions to form super-tetrahedra. Four face-sharing super-tetrahedra form ultra-tetrahedra which are connected to form the final cubic framework with ncb topology and isolated inaccessible pores.

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Jun 2017, accepted on 07 Jul 2017 and first published on 10 Jul 2017

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01067B
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Investigation of the Effect of Polar Functional Groups on the Crystal Structures of Indium MOFs

    M. Krueger, M. Albat, A. K. Inge and N. Stock, CrystEngComm, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7CE01067B

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