Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 24, 2017
Previous Article Next Article

Shape-, size-, and density-tunable synthesis and optical properties of copper nanoparticles

Author affiliations

Abstract

Copper nanoparticles (NPs) with a tunable shape (cube, hemisphere and agglomerate), size (42–146 nm) and density were synthesized on the ITO substrate by electrochemical deposition. SEM, TEM, SAED, XRD, XAES and UV-vis spectrophotometry were employed to characterize these nanoparticles. The important parameters including the capping agent, Cu2+ concentration, applied potential and deposition time were chosen to determine the final morphology and composition of the nanoparticles. Sodium citrate, served as the capping agent and reducing agent, absorbed selectively on Cu {111} faces instead of {100} faces, which affected the thermodynamic equilibrium in crystal growth, reduced aggregation and contributed to the synthesis of pure Cu NPs. The copper source, applied potential and deposition time affected the dynamic process, thereby controlling the nuclei number and growth rate. The optical properties of copper nanoparticles were studied by UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, and it was found that the intensity and position of the LSPR peak was strongly related to the shape, size and density of Cu NPs. Cu NPs with a tunable LSPR peak may be conducive to designing biosensors, catalysis, optoelectronic devices, etc.

Graphical abstract: Shape-, size-, and density-tunable synthesis and optical properties of copper nanoparticles

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 20 Apr 2017, accepted on 15 May 2017 and first published on 15 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00750G
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 3254-3262
  •   Request permissions

    Shape-, size-, and density-tunable synthesis and optical properties of copper nanoparticles

    C. Wei and Q. Liu, CrystEngComm, 2017, 19, 3254
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00750G

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements