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Issue 24, 2017
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Solvatomorphism and structural-spin crossover property relationship in bis[hydrotris(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)borate]iron(II)

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Abstract

Two solvatomorphs of the mononuclear bis[hydrotris(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)borate]iron(II) complex, [Fe(HB(tz)3)2] (1) and [Fe(HB(tz)3)2]·6H2O (1·6H2O), were obtained by modifying the nature of the crystallization solvent. The crystal structure, thermal stability and spin crossover properties of the crystals and associated bulk powder samples were analysed using variable-temperature single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry, calorimetry, and Raman and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy as well as by means of magnetic susceptibility and optical microscopy measurements. The orthorhombic (Cmca) solvatomorph 1·6H2O loses water between ca. 323–353 K, leading to the disintegration of the crystals into the polycrystalline sample 1. The solvent-free crystals of 1 crystallize in the orthorhombic space group Pbca with half a complex molecule in the asymmetric unit. They exhibit a remarkably abrupt phase transition around 334 K between the high spin and low spin states. This (isostructural) spin transition is accompanied by a nearly isotropic change of the FeII–N bond lengths (8.3 ± 0.5%) and a highly anisotropic unit cell volume change (4.6 ± 0.1%). The very high cooperativity of the spin transition in 1 (Γ = 5700 ± 50 J mol−1) is rather unusual in mononuclear SCO compounds. This property can be related to the relatively high stiffness of the lattice (Debye temperature θD = 198 ± 2 K), which involves numerous C–H⋯N hydrogen contacts between each molecule with fourteen neighboring molecules.

Graphical abstract: Solvatomorphism and structural-spin crossover property relationship in bis[hydrotris(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)borate]iron(ii)

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Apr 2017, accepted on 18 May 2017 and first published on 18 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00741H
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 3271-3280
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    Solvatomorphism and structural-spin crossover property relationship in bis[hydrotris(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)borate]iron(II)

    S. Rat, K. Ridier, L. Vendier, G. Molnár, L. Salmon and A. Bousseksou, CrystEngComm, 2017, 19, 3271
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00741H

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