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An unprecedented Dianin clathrate structure with Z′(host) = 16

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Abstract

The structure of the iso-propanol clathrate of 4-p-hydroxyphenyl 2,2,4-trimethylthiachroman, the direct thia-analogue of Dianin's compound, has been studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction as a function of temperature from 371 K down to 90 K. The standard Dianin unit cell, observed at high temperature, undergoes two sequential commensurate thermal phase transformations which results at low temperature in a unit cell with 16 times the original volume and with Z′(host) = 16 and Z = 288, the space group R[3 with combining macron] being retained. This ultimate unit cell with a quadrupled a-axis has a = 111.7910(5) Å and c = 10.8568(1) Å and the crystal packing now features not only the prototypal [OH]6 hexamer host unit but also novel hydrogen-bonded octameric host–guest units with respective symmetries Ci and C1. In addition it has been established that the corresponding achiral selena-Dianin's clathrate and the polar chiral quasiracemic iso-propanol clathrate, space group R3, formed from R-Dianin's and S-thia-Dianin's components also exhibit novel related temperature-dependant behaviour.

Graphical abstract: An unprecedented Dianin clathrate structure with Z′(host) = 16

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Mar 2017, accepted on 05 Apr 2017 and first published on 05 Apr 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00451F
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017, Advance Article
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    An unprecedented Dianin clathrate structure with Z′(host) = 16

    C. S. Frampton, K. K. Ketuly, H. B. M. Ali, A. H. S. Azizan, J. H. Gall and D. D. MacNicol, CrystEngComm, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00451F

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