Photocatalytic metal–organic frameworks for organic transformations
Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted increasing attention for applications in heterogeneous photocatalysis. Modifications of metal nodes and organic linkers, as well as encapsulation of active species in the pores of MOFs enable the generation of photoactive materials for catalyzing organic transformations. MOF composites integrating noble metal nanoparticles or traditional photoactive semiconductors can combine the advantages of both materials, and also improve the photocatalytic performance via synergistic effects. In this Highlight, we discuss recent examples of photoactive MOFs and their use as photocatalysts for organic reactions.