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Issue 24, 2017
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Experimental and simulation-based understanding of morphology controlled barium titanate nanoparticles under co-adsorption of surfactants

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Abstract

Well dispersed single-crystalline BaTiO3 nanoparticles with controlled morphologies were synthesized using a thermohydrolysis route. The nanoparticles were tuned from spherical to cubic upon changing the NaOH concentration under a critical molar ratio of oleic acid to hydrazine. Density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics (MD) calculations indicated that hydrazine molecules adsorbed preferably on the Ti position of the Ti–O terminated surface; meanwhile, oleic acid molecules tended to adsorb on the Ba position of the Ba–O terminated surface. The added hydrazine changed the formation mechanism of BaTiO3 nanoparticles from an in situ growth to a dissolution–precipitation growth. Excellent dispersibility in aqueous solution was achieved for the BaTiO3 nanoparticles under the assistance of hydrazine. Meanwhile, a high-quality self-assembled film with a stable dielectric constant of 30 in the frequency range from 0 Hz to 1 MHz was prepared using the well dispersed BaTiO3 nanoparticles, providing a novel low-temperature route for the fabrication of perovskite films.

Graphical abstract: Experimental and simulation-based understanding of morphology controlled barium titanate nanoparticles under co-adsorption of surfactants

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Feb 2017, accepted on 08 May 2017 and first published on 10 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00279C
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2017,19, 3288-3298
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    Experimental and simulation-based understanding of morphology controlled barium titanate nanoparticles under co-adsorption of surfactants

    Z. Sun, L. Zhang, F. Dang, Y. Liu, Z. Fei, Q. Shao, H. Lin, J. Guo, L. Xiang, N. Yerra and Z. Guo, CrystEngComm, 2017, 19, 3288
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00279C

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