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TiO2/CdS nanorod array-based photoelectrochemical sensing of Cu2+ in human serum samples

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Abstract

In this study, we report a sensitive and selective photoelectrochemical sensor for the detection of Cu2+ in human serum samples based on a TiO2/CdS nanorod array. To prepare the sensor, a TiO2 nanorod array was initially deposited onto a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) conductive glass, and then, CdS nanoparticles were deposited onto the TiO2 nanorod array surface. The well-matched energy level between TiO2 nanorod and CdS efficiently suppressed the recombination of photogenerated electron and hole (e/h+) pairs; this led to improved photon-to-current conversion efficiency. Experimental results demonstrated increased photoelectrochemical current of TiO2/CdS as compared to that of TiO2 alone. Utilizing the interaction between Cu2+ and CdS, the constructed photoelectrochemical sensing platform shows selective response towards Cu2+. Increased Cu2+ ion concentration resulted in the decreased photoelectrochemical current intensity, and a linear range of 1 nM to 1 μM was obtained with a detection limit of 0.5 nM. Due to its good performances, the sensor was successfully applied for the direct detection of Cu2+ in human serum samples, and the results suggested the potential of this sensor for practical clinical applications.

Graphical abstract: TiO2/CdS nanorod array-based photoelectrochemical sensing of Cu2+ in human serum samples

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Nov 2017, accepted on 17 Nov 2017 and first published on 20 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AY02625K
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2017, Advance Article
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    TiO2/CdS nanorod array-based photoelectrochemical sensing of Cu2+ in human serum samples

    K. Feng, M. Yang, F. Xie, G. Diao, M. Ou and H. Huang, Anal. Methods, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7AY02625K

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