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Issue 44, 2017
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An efficient, sensitive and fast microextraction method followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in bread samples

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Abstract

In this research, 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in bread samples were simultaneously determined using microwave-assisted extraction and dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (MAE–DLLME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Effective parameters of MAE–DLLME were investigated and optimized using a response surface methodology based on central composite design (CCD). Under optimum conditions, linearity was obtained in the range of 1–200 ng g−1 for 16 PAHs, with a correlation coefficient (R2) better than 0.9833. The limits of detection and limits of quantitation for PAHs in real samples were over the ranges 0.1 to 0.3 ng g−1 and 0.3–1 ng g−1, respectively. The performance of the proposed method was investigated for the determination of PAHs in various bread samples and acceptable results were obtained.

Graphical abstract: An efficient, sensitive and fast microextraction method followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in bread samples

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Sep 2017, accepted on 07 Oct 2017 and first published on 09 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AY02229H
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2017,9, 6246-6253
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    An efficient, sensitive and fast microextraction method followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in bread samples

    R. Rostampour, M. Kamalabadi, M. Kamankesh, Z. Hadian, S. Jazaeri, A. Mohammadi and J. Zolgharnein, Anal. Methods, 2017, 9, 6246
    DOI: 10.1039/C7AY02229H

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