Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 35, 2017
Previous Article Next Article

Ionic liquid based in situ solvent formation microextraction followed by on-line phase separation coupled with cold vapor-atomic absorption spectrometry for mercury determination in seafood samples

Author affiliations

Abstract

Ionic liquid based in situ solvent formation microextraction (IL-ISFME) followed by on-line phase separation coupled to cold vapor-atomic absorption spectrometry (CV-AAS) was introduced based on using a homemade in-line filter for phase separation. In this method, low cost and easy to access PTFE powder, as an industrial raw material, was used to fill a medical syringe and applied for the separation of hydrophobic ionic liquid containing analytes. The developed methodology is simple and eliminates the application of centrifugation in the phase separation step to overcome some limitations of emulsification techniques. In IL-ISFME an ion-pairing agent was added to a sample solution containing hydrophilic IL. In the following, the fine droplets of hydrophobic IL made by the promotion of a metathesis reaction were recovered via an in-line filter. To show the applicability of the proposed method, it was applied for the extraction and determination of mercury in seafood samples. The effects of some important parameters were investigated and optimized using a central composite design (CCD). Under the optimized conditions, the linearity of the method was obtained over a range of 2–200 μg L−1 with a determination coefficient (R2) higher than 0.996. The enrichment factor (EF) and absolute recovery (AR%) of the method achieved were 5.7 and 57.3%, respectively. The limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) were found to be 0.6 and 2.0 μg L−1 respectively. The intra- and inter-day precisions expressed as relative standard deviations (RSD%, n = 3) were 4.8% and 7.6%, respectively. The relative recoveries (RR%) obtained were in the range of 80 to 90.5%, which correspond to the relative errors of −20% to −9.5%, respectively, confirming the achievement of satisfactory accuracies by the proposed procedure.

Graphical abstract: Ionic liquid based in situ solvent formation microextraction followed by on-line phase separation coupled with cold vapor-atomic absorption spectrometry for mercury determination in seafood samples

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 19 May 2017, accepted on 05 Aug 2017 and first published on 07 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AY01270E
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2017,9, 5189-5197
  •   Request permissions

    Ionic liquid based in situ solvent formation microextraction followed by on-line phase separation coupled with cold vapor-atomic absorption spectrometry for mercury determination in seafood samples

    S. Molaei, S. Seidi, A. Saleh and V. Ghoulipour, Anal. Methods, 2017, 9, 5189
    DOI: 10.1039/C7AY01270E

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements