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Gold Nanoparticle/Hexaammineruthenium/Nafion® Modified Glassy Carbon Electrodes for Trace Heavy Metal Detection in Commercial Hair Dyes

Abstract

Gold nanoparticle (AuNP) / hexaammineruthenium(III) ([Ru(NH3)6]3+) / Nafion® modified glassy carbon electrodes (GCEs) were fabricated and used as working electrodes in the determination of lead and cadmium in commercial hair dyes. The reversibility and stability of the modified electrodes were examined using cyclic voltammetry in which the voltammograms showed reversible peaks. Lead (Pb2+), and cadmium (Cd2+) were detected through anodic stripping voltammetry. The AuNPs - [Ru(NH3)6]3+ amount chosen to detect lead and cadmium in hair dyes were 3 mg and 1 mg, respectively, since it was able to simultaneously detect the said metal ions. Furthermore, the peak current and metal concentration displayed a linear relationship with strong correlation values from 0.30 part per million (ppm) to 0.75 ppm for Pb2+ and Cd2+. The limits of detection are 0.0450 ppm and 0.20 ppm for lead and cadmium, respectively. Atomic absorption spectrometry was used to verify the concentrations in each solution.

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Apr 2017, accepted on 05 Jun 2017 and first published on 06 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AY01114H
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Gold Nanoparticle/Hexaammineruthenium/Nafion® Modified Glassy Carbon Electrodes for Trace Heavy Metal Detection in Commercial Hair Dyes

    S. Palisoc, A. M. Causing and M. Natividad, Anal. Methods, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7AY01114H

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