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Issue 24, 2017
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A facile microwave-hydrothermal synthesis of fluorescent carbon quantum dots from bamboo tar and their application

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Abstract

Bamboo tar is a water-insoluble semi-solid by-product generated from bamboo charcoal processing. A simple and rapid method to convert bamboo tar into carbon quantum dots (CQDs) was developed by a microwave-hydrothermal route, which was applied to the sensitive and selective detection of 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP) under acidic conditions. The obtained CQDs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and fluorescence spectroscopy. The results indicate that the CQDs emit strong blue fluorescence centered at 450 nm under the excitation band of 380 nm with a high quantum yield of 19.3%. A sensitive approach has been developed for the detection of TNP in the range of 0.2–20 μM with a detection limit of 33 nM based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), inner filter effect (IFE) and electron transfer (ET) between CQDs and TNP. This approach is highly selective and suitable for TNP analysis in natural water samples.

Graphical abstract: A facile microwave-hydrothermal synthesis of fluorescent carbon quantum dots from bamboo tar and their application

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Apr 2017, accepted on 23 May 2017 and first published on 24 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AY01069A
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2017,9, 3675-3681
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    A facile microwave-hydrothermal synthesis of fluorescent carbon quantum dots from bamboo tar and their application

    Q. Liang, Y. Wang, F. Lin, M. Jiang, P. Li and B. Huang, Anal. Methods, 2017, 9, 3675
    DOI: 10.1039/C7AY01069A

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