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Issue 24, 2017
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Integrated microfluidic chip with nanobiosensor for rapid and label-free detection of a specific gene

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Abstract

Biomolecular detection techniques are tending to develop in terms of miniaturization, automation, rapidity, sensitivity and low cost, and these techniques are urgently needed as “point of care tests” or “rapid tests” in clinical diagnosis, environmental monitoring and food safety. The rapid developments of microfluidics and nanomaterials, especially their interdisciplinary investigations, offer great opportunities to satisfy these immediate requirements. In this study, graphene oxide (GO) based nanobiosensors were integrated into microfluidic devices for gene-specific detection, combining their unique advantages in specificity, sensitivity, rapidity or miniaturization. The functional structure and fabrication technology of the microfluidic chip was investigated to meet the requirements for performing rapid and label-free detection of a specific gene using the GO based nanobiosensor, aiming at miniaturization, automation, low consumption of reagents and high throughout. In this paper a novel method is proposed for simple and rapid fabrication of microfluidic chips. Furthermore, the assay conditions of gene detection using the nanobiosensor were optimized in the microfluidic device, aiming at efficient specificity, sensitivity and rapidity for gene detection. Finally, the fabricated integrated microfluidic device was used to perform qualitative and quantitative analysis for detection of the target genes. Thus, this study demonstrates that the integrated microfluidic device can offer unique abilities such as rapid detection, portability, simplicity and low-cost detection of biomolecules in clinical diagnosis, environmental monitoring and industrial applications.

Graphical abstract: Integrated microfluidic chip with nanobiosensor for rapid and label-free detection of a specific gene

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Apr 2017, accepted on 21 May 2017 and first published on 22 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AY00950J
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2017,9, 3619-3625
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    Integrated microfluidic chip with nanobiosensor for rapid and label-free detection of a specific gene

    C. Zhang, X. Lv, S. Yasmeen, H. Qing and Y. Deng, Anal. Methods, 2017, 9, 3619
    DOI: 10.1039/C7AY00950J

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