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Click chemistry-based aptasensor for highly sensitive electrochemical detection of thrombin

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Abstract

In this study, a click chemistry-based electrochemical aptasensor is reported for the simple and fast detection of thrombin. Briefly, the thiol-terminated aptamer1 (Apt1) was first self-assembled on a gold electrode for the specific recognition of thrombin in the following step. After this, the azido-labeled aptamer2 (Apt2) was attached to the electrode via the formation of a sandwich structure with Apt1 and thrombin. The azido terminal was designed for the subsequent labeling of Apt2 with ethynylferrocene via electrochemically mediated Cu(I)-catalyzed azide–alkyne cycloaddition (eCuAAC), in which the active Cu(I) was electrochemically generated in situ. Finally, the quantitatively labeled ethynylferrocene probes could be detected on the basis of differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) for the electrochemical detection of thrombin. Under optimal conditions, this aptasensor could detect thrombin down to 84 pM with a good linear response over the range from 0.1 nM to 1000 nM. In addition, it exhibited excellent specificity in the quantitative detection of thrombin and also showed good detection reliability in serum samples.

Graphical abstract: Click chemistry-based aptasensor for highly sensitive electrochemical detection of thrombin

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Mar 2017, accepted on 28 May 2017 and first published on 31 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AY00861A
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2017, Advance Article
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    Click chemistry-based aptasensor for highly sensitive electrochemical detection of thrombin

    Q. Liu, Q. Hu, L. Li, J. Kong and X. Zhang, Anal. Methods, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7AY00861A

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