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Issue 20, 2017
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Preparation of gold nanoparticle coated NaYF4:Yb,Er,Gd nanoparticles and their application for AFP detection in the red region

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Abstract

A novel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) enhanced upconversion (UC) luminescence system was designed for the detection of α-fetoprotein (AFP) by using gold nanoparticle (NP) coated NaYF4:Yb,Er,Gd upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) as probes. The gold NP coated NaYF4:Yb,Er,Gd UCNPs had a strong emission at 665 nm and were modified with poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) before being conjugated with anti-AFP (Ab1). When the AFP antigens were added to the system, the binding affinity between AFP and Ab1 resulted in a reduced distance between the gold NP coated UCNPs. The UC luminescence intensity of this system was enhanced because of the SPR properties of the gold NPs. The sensing system exhibited a high sensitivity, good specificity, and wide linear range, 0.098–15.0 ng mL−1 for the detection of AFP (R = 0.99), with a detection limit as low as 0.095 ng mL−1 under optimal conditions. The method was successfully applied to AFP sensing in human serum samples.

Graphical abstract: Preparation of gold nanoparticle coated NaYF4:Yb,Er,Gd nanoparticles and their application for AFP detection in the red region

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Mar 2017, accepted on 18 Apr 2017 and first published on 19 Apr 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AY00751E
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2017,9, 2977-2982
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    Preparation of gold nanoparticle coated NaYF4:Yb,Er,Gd nanoparticles and their application for AFP detection in the red region

    Y. Ma, L. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Wang and H. Chen, Anal. Methods, 2017, 9, 2977
    DOI: 10.1039/C7AY00751E

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