Ni–Al/layered double hydroxide/Ag nanoparticle composite modified carbon-paste electrode as a renewable electrode and novel electrochemical sensor for hydrogen peroxide
In the present study, a simple and highly sensitive electrochemical method was developed for the determination of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) through a Ni–Al/layered double hydroxide/Ag nanoparticle composite modified carbon-paste electrode (Ni–Al/LDH/Ag NPs/CPE) as a renewable electrode in 0.1 M phosphate buffer solution (PBS, pH = 7.0). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were performed for the characterization of the Ni–Al/LDH/Ag NP composite. The electrocatalytic activity of the Ni–Al/LDH/Ag NPs/CPE for H2O2 reduction was studied by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometric (at an applied potential of −0.9 V) methods. The prepared renewable modified electrode as a H2O2 sensor shows good electrocatalytic activity, fast response time, good stability and reproducibility. The present sensor also displays a linear range from 10 μM to 10 mM concentration of H2O2 with a detection limit of 6 μM (S/N = 3) and sensitivity of 1.863 μA mM−1 cm−2. This sensor was employed successfully for the determination of H2O2 in real samples by the chronoamperometric method, which indicates its applicability in practical analysis.