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A broader view on ion heating in traveling-wave devices using fragmentation of CsI clusters and extent of H˙ migration as molecular thermometers

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Abstract

Electron transfer dissociation (ETD) is becoming increasingly important in mass spectrometry-based analysis of peptides and proteins. Supplemental collisional activation of undissociated electron transfer products can significantly increase fragmentation yield and sequence coverage, but hydrogen rearrangements – specifically, transfer of a hydrogen radical from a c to a z fragment – lead to distorted isotope distributions and increased potential for signal overlap. Concomitant collisional activation during the ion/ion reaction significantly reduces these rearrangements, but, in ion traps, also leads to lower reaction rates and reduced overlap of anion and cation clouds. In traveling-wave ion mobility devices, it has been reported – although not under ETD conditions – that significant ion activation can occur depending on the T-wave height and velocity. Here, we investigate this phenomenon in more detail using a commercial instrument (Waters Synapt G2) and report that a similar effect can be induced within the traveling-wave Trap cell where the ETD reaction occurs, using fairly typical T-wave settings. This ion ‘heating’ is demonstrated by analyzing the observed isotope distributions (sensitive to the aforementioned hydrogen rearrangements) of ETD fragments of ubiquitin and substance P. A more detailed investigation of ion activation using cesium iodide clusters (without ETD reagent anions present) shows that the observed behavior is consistent with the known dynamics of ions within traveling-wave devices. The insights gained in this work are potentially relevant both for ‘native ETD’ studies (in which tuning needs to be optimized to avoid unintentional ion activation) as well as the design of future T-wave ETD devices (where this ‘heating’ effect might be exploited to promote fragment release).

Graphical abstract: A broader view on ion heating in traveling-wave devices using fragmentation of CsI clusters and extent of H˙ migration as molecular thermometers

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Jan 2017, accepted on 05 Aug 2017 and first published on 09 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AN00161D
Citation: Analyst, 2017, Advance Article
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    A broader view on ion heating in traveling-wave devices using fragmentation of CsI clusters and extent of H˙ migration as molecular thermometers

    F. Lermyte and F. Sobott, Analyst, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7AN00161D

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