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Issue 48, 2016
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Direct synthesis of MOF-derived nanoporous CuO/carbon composites for high impedance matching and advanced microwave absorption

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Abstract

Nanostructured carbon materials with hollow structures derived from metal organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted considerable attention due to their low density for microwave absorption. However, their poor impedance matching worsens the absorption properties. The rational design and fabrication of complex hollow nanocarbon materials with excellent impedance matching still remains a challenge. Herein, we report a simple strategy to fabricate porous CuO/carbon composites by nitrate impregnation into a MOF template (thermal decomposition of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks, ZIF-67). When used as microwave absorbing materials, these hollow CuO/carbon composite polyhedra exhibited excellent impedance matching, light weight and strong absorption. An optimal reflection loss (RL) of −57.5 dB is achieved at 14.9 GHz with a matching thickness of 1.55 mm and RL values less than −10 dB can be gained in the range of 13–17.7 GHz. The best absorbing performance of the composites mainly originates from the high loss of the porous carbon obtained by the carbonization of ZIF-67, and the improvement of the impedance matching with the embedding of CuO. This work may provide a general way for fabricating porous metal oxides/carbon composites for lightweight microwave absorbing materials.

Graphical abstract: Direct synthesis of MOF-derived nanoporous CuO/carbon composites for high impedance matching and advanced microwave absorption

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Sep 2016, accepted on 08 Nov 2016 and first published on 08 Nov 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6TC04048A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016,4, 11419-11426
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    Direct synthesis of MOF-derived nanoporous CuO/carbon composites for high impedance matching and advanced microwave absorption

    J. Ma, X. Zhang, W. Liu and G. Ji, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016, 4, 11419
    DOI: 10.1039/C6TC04048A

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