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Issue 7, 2016
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Preferential formation of columnar mesophases via peripheral modification of discotic π-systems with immiscible side chain pairs

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Abstract

When sufficient volume of dodecyl chains are attached at one imide position of a perylenediimide (PDI) or naphthalenediimide (NDI) core and triethyleneglycol (TEG) chains on the other side, the resulting molecules PDIC12/TEG G0, PDIC12/TEG G1, and NDIC12/TEG G0 self-assemble into a rectangular columnar mesophase with p2mg symmetry, forming hydrophobic/hydrophilic nano-segregation of side chains. The driving force of PDIC12/TEG G0 to form preferentially the rectangular columnar mesophase is given by the immiscibility between the side chain pairs—exclusion of other phases such as cubic, crystalline and amorphous phases, where thermodynamically unstable contacts between hydrophobic and hydrophilic chains considerably take place. In contrast, this preference is less found in the analogous molecules decorated with either dodecyl or TEG chains at both termini. PDIC12/C12 G0 and PDITEG/TEG G0 form a hexagonal columnar mesophase because of the optimized chain/core volume. However, if the side chain volume grows, PDITEG/TEG G1 does not form a mesophase but undergoes a soft crystalline–isotropic phase transition, while PDIC12/C12 G1 was revealed to destabilize its columnar mesophase but forms a micellar cubic phase. NDIC12/C12 G0 resulted in a strong crystallization, while NDITEG/TEG G0 formed amorphous liquid. The molecular design strategy using immiscible side chain pairs potentially enables a variety of π-systems to stack up to form a columnar phase rather than other ordered phases, regardless of the chain/core volume balance.

Graphical abstract: Preferential formation of columnar mesophases via peripheral modification of discotic π-systems with immiscible side chain pairs

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Jan 2016, accepted on 18 Jan 2016 and first published on 19 Jan 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6TC00021E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016,4, 1490-1496
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    Preferential formation of columnar mesophases via peripheral modification of discotic π-systems with immiscible side chain pairs

    T. Sakurai, Y. Tsutsui, K. Kato, M. Takata and S. Seki, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016, 4, 1490
    DOI: 10.1039/C6TC00021E

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