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Issue 45, 2016
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Rational design of metal oxide hollow nanostructures decorated carbon nanosheets for superior lithium storage

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Abstract

Unique nanostructures and intimate interfaces in nanocomposites play great roles in enhancing performance for energy storage and conversion application. Though many studies have focused on graphene/metal oxide composites with weak interactions by physical loading or chemical anchoring, engineering of metal oxide hollow nanostructures (h-MO) and construction of strongly coupled interfaces between graphene and metal oxides still remain in their infancy. In this work, metal oxide hollow nanostructures were bound onto graphene nanosheets by graphitic carbon layers (the final hybrid is denoted as h-MO@C@G), which were confirmed by HRTEM observations. Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and its derived carbon play great roles in uniform loading and engineering of h-MO as well as intimate integration of MO with graphene nanosheets. Benefiting from the synergistic effects of MO hollow nanostructures and strongly coupled interfaces for structural robustness and enhanced lithiation kinetics, the resulting h-Fe2O3@C@G anodes exhibit long cycling life over 500 times and a high rate capacity of 430 mA h gāˆ’1 at 15 A gāˆ’1. More importantly, the strategy developed here can be easily extended to synthesize other single metal oxide (Co3O4, NiOx) or mixed metal oxide (FeNiOx) hollow nanostructures strongly coupled with graphene nanosheets, and they all exhibit excellent electrochemical performance.

Graphical abstract: Rational design of metal oxide hollow nanostructures decorated carbon nanosheets for superior lithium storage

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Aug 2016, accepted on 18 Oct 2016 and first published on 18 Oct 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6TA06945B
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016,4, 17718-17725
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    Rational design of metal oxide hollow nanostructures decorated carbon nanosheets for superior lithium storage

    Y. Dong, S. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Tang, T. Yang, X. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Zhao and J. Qiu, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016, 4, 17718
    DOI: 10.1039/C6TA06945B

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