Jump to main content
Jump to site search
PLANNED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Scheduled maintenance upgrade on Thursday 4th of May 2017 from 8.00am to 9.00am (BST).

During this time our websites will be offline temporarily. If you have any questions please use the feedback button on this page. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.


Issue 7, 2017
Previous Article Next Article

Recent progress in layered transition metal carbides and/or nitrides (MXenes) and their composites: synthesis and applications

Author affiliations

Abstract

Since their inception in 2011, from the inaugural synthesis of multi-layered Ti3C2Tx by etching Ti3AlC2 with hydrofluoric acid (HF), novel routes with a myriad of reducing agents, etchants and intercalants have been explored and many new members have been added to the two-dimensional (2D) material constellation. Despite being endowed with the rare combination of good electronic conductivity and hydrophilicity, their inherent low capacities, for instance, temper their prospect for application for electrodes in energy storage systems. MXene-based composites, however, with a probable synergistic effect in agglomeration prevention, facilitating electronic conductivity, improving electrochemical stability, enhancing pseudocapacitance and minimizing the shortcomings of individual components, exceed the previously mentioned capacitance ceiling. In this review, we summarise the development and progress in the synthesis of various multi-layered carbides, carbonitrides and nitrides, and intercalants, as well as the subsequent processing in order to delaminate them into single- and/or few-layered and incorporate into MXene-based composites, focusing on their performance and application as transparent conductive films, environmental remediation, electromagnetic interference (EMI) absorption and shielding, electrocatalysts, Li-ion batteries (LIBs), supercapacitors and other electrochemical storage systems.

Graphical abstract: Recent progress in layered transition metal carbides and/or nitrides (MXenes) and their composites: synthesis and applications

Back to tab navigation
Please wait while Download options loads

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 08 Aug 2016, accepted on 12 Dec 2016 and first published on 13 Dec 2016


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C6TA06772G
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 3039-3068
  •   Request permissions

    Recent progress in layered transition metal carbides and/or nitrides (MXenes) and their composites: synthesis and applications

    V. M. Hong Ng, H. Huang, K. Zhou, P. S. Lee, W. Que, J. Z. Xu and L. B. Kong, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 3039
    DOI: 10.1039/C6TA06772G

Search articles by author