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Issue 42, 2016
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Highly active Ta2O5 microcubic single crystals: facet energy calculation, facile fabrication and enhanced photocatalytic activity of hydrogen production

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Abstract

This work has identified Ta2O5 {001} facets as the high-energy facet by first-principles theory, and demonstrated the first example of tantalum oxide facet engineering. Ta2O5 microcubic single crystals (MCSCs) with a large percentage exposure of highly active facets take advantage of the unique crystal structure and cubic morphology of the precursor tantalum oxychlorides, as well as the characteristics of a topological transformation synthesis. In our protocol, the heat treatment of the TaO2.18Cl0.64 microcube precursor only enables an intra-layer transition but preserves the {001} facets due to the strong 180° Ta–O–Ta structure between layers. Consequently, mesoporous Ta2O5 MCSCs with high-energy facet exposure are produced. The as-obtained Ta2O5 MCSCs exhibit a remarkably enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production activity for their specific surface area due to the enlarged percentage of exposed {001} facets, which possess the largest density and highest quality of hyperactive sites for the photocatalytic reaction. The results here may provide a plausible approach for both the facet engineering of metal oxides with similar layer structures and the enhancement of Ta2O5 chemical activities.

Graphical abstract: Highly active Ta2O5 microcubic single crystals: facet energy calculation, facile fabrication and enhanced photocatalytic activity of hydrogen production

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Aug 2016, accepted on 26 Sep 2016 and first published on 26 Sep 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6TA06648H
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016,4, 16562-16568
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    Highly active Ta2O5 microcubic single crystals: facet energy calculation, facile fabrication and enhanced photocatalytic activity of hydrogen production

    H. Tu, L. Xu, F. Mou and J. Guan, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016, 4, 16562
    DOI: 10.1039/C6TA06648H

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