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Issue 2, 2017
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A one-dimensional porous carbon-supported Ni/Mo2C dual catalyst for efficient water splitting

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Abstract

The development of active, stable and low-cost electrocatalysts towards both the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) for overall water splitting remains a big challenge. Herein, we report a new porous carbon-supported Ni/Mo2C (Ni/Mo2C-PC) composite catalyst derived by thermal treatment of nickel molybdate nanorods coated with polydopamine, which efficiently and robustly catalyses the HER and OER with striking kinetic metrics in alkaline electrolyte. The catalyst affords low onset potentials of −60 mV for the HER and 270 mV for the OER, as well as small overpotentials of 179 mV for the HER and 368 mV for the OER at a current density of 10 mA cm−2. These results compare favorably to Mo2C-PC, Ni-PC, and most other documented Ni- and Mo-based catalysts. The high activity of Ni/Mo2C-PC is likely due to electron transfer from Ni to Mo2C, leading to a higher Ni valence and a lower Mo valence in the Ni/Mo2C-PC catalyst, as these are HER and OER active species and thus account for the enhanced activity. Remarkably, our home-made alkaline electrolyser, assembled with Ni/Mo2C-PC as a bifunctional catalyst, can enable a water-splitting current density of 10 mA cm−2 to be achieved at a low cell voltage of 1.66 V.

Graphical abstract: A one-dimensional porous carbon-supported Ni/Mo2C dual catalyst for efficient water splitting

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Jul 2016, accepted on 30 Sep 2016 and first published on 30 Sep 2016


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C6SC03356C
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2017,8, 968-973
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    A one-dimensional porous carbon-supported Ni/Mo2C dual catalyst for efficient water splitting

    Z. Yu, Y. Duan, M. Gao, C. Lang, Y. Zheng and S. Yu, Chem. Sci., 2017, 8, 968
    DOI: 10.1039/C6SC03356C

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