Highly sensitive and selective detection of cadmium with a graphite carbon nitride nanosheets/Nafion electrode
A highly sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor is developed for the detection of cadmium with a nanosheet graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) modified electrode. The g-C3N4 nanosheet modified glassy carbon electrode detects heavy metal not only by electrostatic interactions, but also by intercalating the holes during differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV) measurements for Cd2+ in aqueous solution. The calibration curves for Cd2+ covered two ranges varying from 1 nM to 1 μM and 1 μM to 100 μM. The limitation of detection (LOD) is estimated to be 0.5 nM for Cd2+, which is 53 times lower than the guideline values of drinking water given by the World Health Organization (WHO). In addition, the good repeatability and stability of the modified electrode is feasible for heavy metal detection in this study.