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Issue 102, 2016, Issue in Progress
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MgO-templated mesoporous carbons using a pitch-based thermosetting carbon precursor

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Abstract

A pitch-based thermosetting amphiphilic carbonaceous material (CP-A5) was converted to mesoporous carbons (MCs) by an MgO-templated method. The yields of MCs were competitive, up to 17%. Temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), thermogravimetric analysis (TG), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and N2 adsorption–desorption were applied to characterize the precursors and MgO-templated MCs. Compared with some published template carbons from thermoplastic materials, less collapse was observed due to the thermosetting property of the carbon precursor. MC73 (MgO/CP-A5 at 7/3 mass ratio) had a surface area of 1991 m2 g−1 and interconnected micropores/mesopores, which endowed it with outstanding electrochemical performance in 1 M TEABF4/PC organic electrolyte, namely, a gravimetric specific capacitance of 90.8 F g−1 at 0.05 A g−1 and a capacitance retention of 91.3% after 10 000 cycles at 1 A g−1. MC73 is a promising electrode material candidate for energy storage by electrical double layer capacitors. Considering their competitive carbon yields as well as the cyclic ability of MgO, development of MCs from coal tar pitch by an MgO-templated method is feasible and promising, particularly in terms of the upgrade of heavy residues in coal-related industry.

Graphical abstract: MgO-templated mesoporous carbons using a pitch-based thermosetting carbon precursor

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Aug 2016, accepted on 11 Oct 2016 and first published on 12 Oct 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA20389B
Citation: RSC Adv., 2016,6, 100546-100553
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    MgO-templated mesoporous carbons using a pitch-based thermosetting carbon precursor

    X. Wang, M. Chen, K. Matsumura, M. Toyoda and C. Wang, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 100546
    DOI: 10.1039/C6RA20389B

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