Dual-band moiré metasurface patches for multifunctional biomedical applications
There has been strong interest in developing multi-band plasmonic metasurfaces for multiple optical functions on single platforms. Herein, we developed Au moiré metasurface patches (AMMP), which leverage the tunable multi-band responses of Au moiré metasurfaces and the additional field enhancements of the metal–insulator–metal configuration to achieve dual-band plasmon resonance modes in near-infrared and mid-infrared regimes with high field enhancement. Furthermore, we demonstrate the multifunctional applications of AMMP, including surface-enhanced infrared spectroscopy, optical capture and patterning of bacteria, and photothermal denaturation of proteins. With their multiple functions of high performance, in combination with cost-effective fabrication using moiré nanosphere lithography, the AMMP will enable the development of highly integrated biophotonic platforms for a wide range of applications in disease theranostics, sterilization, and the study of microbiomes.