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Issue 16, 2016
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Carbon phosphide monolayers with superior carrier mobility

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Abstract

Two dimensional (2D) materials with a finite band gap and high carrier mobility are sought after materials from both fundamental and technological perspectives. In this paper, we present the results based on the particle swarm optimization method and density functional theory which predict three geometrically different phases of the carbon phosphide (CP) monolayer consisting of sp2 hybridized C atoms and sp3 hybridized P atoms in hexagonal networks. Two of the phases, referred to as α-CP and β-CP with puckered or buckled surfaces are semiconducting with highly anisotropic electronic and mechanical properties. More remarkably, they have the lightest electrons and holes among the known 2D semiconductors, yielding superior carrier mobility. The γ-CP has a distorted hexagonal network and exhibits a semi-metallic behavior with Dirac cones. These theoretical findings suggest that the binary CP monolayer is a yet unexplored 2D material holding great promise for applications in high-performance electronics and optoelectronics.

Graphical abstract: Carbon phosphide monolayers with superior carrier mobility

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Jan 2016, accepted on 24 Mar 2016 and first published on 24 Mar 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6NR00498A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2016,8, 8819-8825
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    Carbon phosphide monolayers with superior carrier mobility

    G. Wang, R. Pandey and S. P. Karna, Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 8819
    DOI: 10.1039/C6NR00498A

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