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Issue 23, 2016
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Preparation of polydopamine sulfamic acid-functionalized magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles with a core/shell nanostructure as heterogeneous and recyclable nanocatalysts for the acetylation of alcohols, phenols, amines and thiols under solvent-free conditions

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Abstract

A convenient method for the loading of sulfonic acid groups on the surface of polydopamine (PDA)-encapsulated Fe3O4 nanoparticles is proposed to fabricate a core–shell Fe3O4@PDA-SO3H nanocatalyst. Such surface functionalization of magnetic particles is an elegant way to bridge the gap between heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis. The as-prepared nanocatalyst was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), wavelength-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (WDX), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and back titration. The Fe3O4@PDA-SO3H nanoparticles have been used as an efficient catalyst for the acetylation of a wide range of alcohols, phenols, amines and thiols with acetic anhydride in good to excellent yields under solvent-free conditions. Furthermore, the recovery and reuse of the catalyst was demonstrated 12 times without a detectible loss in activity.

Graphical abstract: Preparation of polydopamine sulfamic acid-functionalized magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles with a core/shell nanostructure as heterogeneous and recyclable nanocatalysts for the acetylation of alcohols, phenols, amines and thiols under solvent-free conditions

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Jul 2016, accepted on 13 Sep 2016, published on 14 Sep 2016 and first published online on 14 Sep 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6GC01975G
Citation: Green Chem., 2016,18, 6337-6348
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    Preparation of polydopamine sulfamic acid-functionalized magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles with a core/shell nanostructure as heterogeneous and recyclable nanocatalysts for the acetylation of alcohols, phenols, amines and thiols under solvent-free conditions

    H. Veisi, S. Taheri and S. Hemmati, Green Chem., 2016, 18, 6337
    DOI: 10.1039/C6GC01975G

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