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Issue 17, 2016
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Upgrading of palmitic acid to iso-alkanes over bi-functional Mo/ZSM-22 catalysts

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Abstract

Bi-functional Mo/ZSM-22 catalysts were designed to upgrade palmitic acid and further to isomerize n-alkanes. Besides the effects on acidity, H+ cations might be beneficial for the distribution of MoOx particles, the higher surface Mo/Si ratio and the greater surface Mo4+ content of bi-functional Mo/ZSM-22 catalysts. In the upgrading of palmitic acid, strong acid sites of catalysts were proven to favor hydrodecarbonylation (HDC), isomerization and cracking. Mo6+ (or MoO3) preferred to support the HDC reaction, whereas Mo4+ (or MoO2) suitably improved the hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) reaction without carbon atom loss. That is, the Mo4+/Mo6+ ratio of Mo/ZSM-22 catalysts significantly influenced HDO/HDC selectivity. More importantly the improvement in HDO rather than HDC with the complete conversion of palmitic acid, could significantly decrease the negative effects of strong acid sites (such as HDC and cracking) to facilitate isomerization of n-alkanes to afford more branched alkanes with a higher iso-alkanes/n-alkanes ratio.

Graphical abstract: Upgrading of palmitic acid to iso-alkanes over bi-functional Mo/ZSM-22 catalysts

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 May 2016, accepted on 08 Jun 2016 and first published on 09 Jun 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6GC01367H
Citation: Green Chem., 2016,18, 4633-4648
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    Upgrading of palmitic acid to iso-alkanes over bi-functional Mo/ZSM-22 catalysts

    Y. Shi, Y. Cao, Y. Duan, H. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Yang and Y. Wu, Green Chem., 2016, 18, 4633
    DOI: 10.1039/C6GC01367H

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