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Issue 11, 2016
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Hydroxysafflor yellow A inhibits IL-1β-induced release of IL-6, IL-8, and MMP-1 via suppression of ERK, NF-κB and AP-1 signaling in SW982 human synovial cells

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Abstract

Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), the main active ingredient in medical and edible dual purpose plant safflower, is reported to have multiple bioactivities. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory effects of HSYA and the underlying mechanisms were investigated in interleukin (IL)-1β-induced SW982 human synovial cells. The cells were pretreated with HSYA at various concentrations (2.5, 10 and 40 μM) followed by IL-1β (10 ng mL−1) stimulation. HSYA significantly inhibited the expression of IL-6, IL-8 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 in IL-1β-stimulated SW982 cells. HSYA also inhibited the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p65 and c-Jun. It also suppressed the degradation of IκBα and blocked p65 translocation into the nucleus. These results indicate that the inhibitory effects of HSYA on IL-1β-induced IL-6, IL-8 and MMP-1 release might be mediated via suppression of ERK, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) signaling pathways. The present data support the potential role of HSYA as an effective therapeutic agent in osteoarthritis.

Graphical abstract: Hydroxysafflor yellow A inhibits IL-1β-induced release of IL-6, IL-8, and MMP-1 via suppression of ERK, NF-κB and AP-1 signaling in SW982 human synovial cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Jul 2016, accepted on 22 Sep 2016 and first published on 23 Sep 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6FO01045H
Citation: Food Funct., 2016,7, 4516-4522
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    Hydroxysafflor yellow A inhibits IL-1β-induced release of IL-6, IL-8, and MMP-1 via suppression of ERK, NF-κB and AP-1 signaling in SW982 human synovial cells

    B. Cheng, Y. Gao, J. Lian, D. Guo, L. Wang, M. Wang, H. Yang and Z. Feng, Food Funct., 2016, 7, 4516
    DOI: 10.1039/C6FO01045H

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