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Volume 193, 2016
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The oxygen reduction reaction at the three-phase boundary: nanoelectrodes modified with Ag nanoclusters

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Abstract

Silver nanoclusters are deposited on bifunctional Θ-shaped nanoelectrodes consisting of a carbon nanoelectrode combined with a hollow nanopipette. The Θ-nanoelectrodes are used as model systems to study interfacial mass transport in gas diffusion electrodes and in particular oxygen-depolarized cathodes (ODC) for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in chlor-alkali electrolysers. By local delivery of O2 gas to the electroactive Ag nanoclusters through the adjacent nanopipette, enhanced currents for the ORR at the Ag nanoparticles are recorded which are not accountable when considering the low solubility and slow diffusion of O2 in highly alkaline media. Instead, local oversaturation of O2 leads to current enhancement at the Ag nanoclusters. Due to the intrinsic high mass transport rates at the nanometric electrodes accompanied by local delivery of reactants, the method generally allows to study electrochemical reactions at single nanoparticles beyond the limitations induced by slow diffusion and low reactant concentration. Kinetic and mechanistic information, for instance derived from Tafel slopes, can be obtained from kinetic regimes not accessible to standard techniques.

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Apr 2016, accepted on 18 May 2016 and first published on 18 May 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6FD00101G
Citation: Faraday Discuss., 2016,193, 241-250
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    The oxygen reduction reaction at the three-phase boundary: nanoelectrodes modified with Ag nanoclusters

    J. Clausmeyer, A. Botz, D. Öhl and W. Schuhmann, Faraday Discuss., 2016, 193, 241
    DOI: 10.1039/C6FD00101G

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