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Issue 6, 2016
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Fishing, trapping and killing of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in potable water

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An innovative process of effective ‘fishing, trapping and killing’ of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in contaminated water samples using paper strips is proposed here. A naturally occurring sugar, D-glucose, has been adsorbed onto blotting paper strips to facilitate the ‘fishing’ of E. coli cells by inducing their chemotactic response towards the chemoattractant (glucose) concentration gradient. By dipping paper strips laced with 0.1 M glucose in contaminated water samples, we report a maximum bacterial removal efficiency of 99.5% after a 90 minute duration. The porous nature of the paper strip facilitates the ‘trapping’ of the bacterial cells within its inherent porous network. Antimicrobial paper strips produced through the adsorption of bactericidal Moringa oleifera cationic protein (MOCP) were used to ‘kill’ the ‘trapped’ E. coli through prolonged contact. Finally, we have combined these individual processes into an integrated ‘fishing, trapping, and killing’ water treatment system, whereby the top and the bottom paper strips containing chemoattractant glucose are glued with the middle one containing the antimicrobial MOCP. Based on the results of the study, we anticipate that this approach can lead to the development of a new generation of inexpensive and portable water treatment devices which can passively remove and neutralize deleterious bacteria from water.

Graphical abstract: Fishing, trapping and killing of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in potable water

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Aug 2016, accepted on 12 Oct 2016 and first published on 14 Oct 2016

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6EW00200E
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2016,2, 931-941
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    Fishing, trapping and killing of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in potable water

    S. Dasgupta, N. S. K. Gunda and S. K. Mitra, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2016, 2, 931
    DOI: 10.1039/C6EW00200E

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